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THE HISTORY OF ARMY SUSTAINMENT COMMAND



An aerial shot of Camp Arifjan, Kuwait on 1 JUN 2003. Today, it is the home of the 401st AFSB.
  In October 2000, the U.S. Army Operations Support Command (OSC) was created. Among other missions, OSC was responsible for management of Army War Reserves, the Army Logistics Assistance Program Management Division (LAP) and the Logistics Civil Augmentation Program (LOGCAP).  OSC also assumed control of the AMC Forward Commands in the Forward Theaters.
  Beginning in 2001 OSC proved its worth while meeting the demands of GWOT. Wartime success led to expanded missions.  2003 was a year of change for the command. The missions assigned OSC increased and transformed.  As war continued, the OSC became the forward face of AMC in Iraq and Afghanistan and increased in importance to the Army.  In response to these changes, the OSC transformed and by July 2003 was renamed the Army Field Support Command (AFSC).  In addition to the missions of commanding the Logistics Support Elements, LAP, APS, LOGCAP, and ammunition, the AFSC was also responsible for coordinating the activities of AMC elements in the theater of operations and synchronizing technical support directly to the warfighters.
 

A U.S. Air Force Tech Sergeant examines an armored vehicle as part of the RPAT process.
  After 2003 the on-going demands of war and Army transformation led to other new missions while streamlining the Army logistics structure.  In response, AFSC was re-designated the U.S. Army Sustainment Command (ASC) in October 2006.  At the same time the army created Army Field Support Brigades (AFSBs) and Army Field Support Battalions (AFSBns).  The Distribution Management Center (DMC) was created to provide materiel management support in CONUS and global property accountability.  In early 2012 ASC was designated the Army’s Lead Materiel Integrator (LMI) to ensure more efficient alignment of materiel resources across the materiel enterprise.  On 1 October 2012 the ASC assumed command of the Army’s 73 Directorates of Logistics (DOLs), now known as Logistics Readiness Centers (LRCs).
  In 2018-2019 the ASC restructured again to better meet emerging requirements for large scale ground combat operations.  The DMC was dismantled and the Support Operations Directorate was reinforced.  In the field, 11 AFSBns in support of Army divisions merged with the installation LRC to improve division readiness.  Division and Corps Logistics Support Elements were formed in AFSBns and AFSBs to better connect combat formations with the materiel enterprise. 
 
Maintenance is conducted on vehicle mounted machine guns at Camp Arifjan, Kuwait. 20 AUG 2019.   Today the ASC consists of seven AFSBs, twenty-two AFSBns, and the Army’s LRCs.  In addition, six Contracting Support Brigades (CSBs) are under the tactical control of ASC.  In addition, the LOGCAP Support Brigade (LSB) and the Army Sustainment Command Army Reserve Element (ASC-ARE) of the Army Reserve Sustainment Command are controlled and workloaded by ASC.  ASC is “On The Line” to integrate and synchronize the delivery of unique AMC capabilities and enablers at the operational and tactical points of need in order to enable army readiness, strength, and speed.

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